These answers are direct cut and paste from Bing.com, including the active links (sans any commentary by me!)
- The American aviation pioneer, Amelia Earhart, took off from Newfoundland, Canada, in her single-engine Lockheed Vega 5B. Fifteen hours later she landed in a field near Derry, Northern Ireland. When a farmhand reportedly asked, “Have you flown far?”, Earhart replied, “From America.”
- In 1903, the Polish-born French scientist was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize for her work on the discovery of radioactivity. She won the Chemistry prize in 1911 for discovering the radioactive elements poloniumand radium, becoming the first person and only woman to win the Nobel Prize twice, and the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two different scientific fields.
- In 1893, following some 20 years of activism by suffrage campaigners, New Zealand became the first nation in the world in which women had the right to vote—beating Canada and the US by a quarter century.
- The Soviet cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, is the first and youngest woman to have flown in space. On June 16, 1963, at age 26, she was launched in the spacecraft Vostok 6 and orbited Earth 48 times, spending almost three days in space. She remains the only woman to have been on a solo space mission.
- The Queen of Soul, Aretha Franklin’s, hits like “Respect” and “Natural Woman” earned her a spot in the Hall of Fame and many other honors, including No. 1 on Rolling Stone magazine’s 100 Greatest Singers list. Respect, indeed!
- Julia Louis-Dreyfus is tied with comic legend Cloris Leachman for most acting Emmys, but has also won awards for co-producing ‘Veep.’ Mary Tyler Moore, whose barrier-breaking 1970s sitcom co-starred Leachman, rounds out the top three all-time Emmy winners.
- The escaped slave known as “Black Moses”’ was a key figure in the Underground Railroadin the lead-up to the Civil War. During the war, she scouted escape routes for slaves in Confederate territory. Later, she helped lead over 150 troops in the Raid at Combahee Ferry, which freed more than 700 slaves. (both a & b are correct)
- When she was nominated in 1981 by President Reagan, Sandra Day O’Connor was the first woman ever recommended for one of the nation’s top judicial seats. Despite pushback from Reagan’s staunch conservative base, she was confirmed by the Senate 99-0.
- Katie Sowers coached the San Francisco 49ers as an offensive assistant in Super Bowl LIV. She is also the NFL’s first openly gay coach, and is one of over 55 women working in football operations league-wide today. In 2021, Sarah Thomas became the first woman to officiate a Super Bowl.