Residential schools were created by Christian churches and the Canadian government as an attempt to both educate and convert Indigenous youth and to integrate them into Canadian society. However, the schools disrupted lives and communities, causing long-term problems among Indigenous peoples. J.R. Miller, “Residential Schools in Canada,” Canadian Encyclopedia

The “Residential Schools in Canada Timeline” video traces the significant dates in it’s history from the 1600s to 2015, when the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada released it’s final report.

The effects of the residential schools continue to haunt indigenous communities.

Lilian Elias “whose whose Inuvialuktun name is Panigavluk”  is a residential school survivor. She was determined to preserve her Inuvialuktun language. Through her work as an educator and community leader, Lilian “helped many Inuvialuit grow up with a better understanding of their language, who they are, and where they come from.” Shaelyn Johnson, “Lilian Elias,” Canadian Encyclopedia ;Historica Canada. Minute illustrations by Andrew Qappik, RCA.

“I don’t like to say that my language is dying. I always like to say that it is sleeping, but it is going to come back.” — Lillian Elias, as told to Reneltta Arluk on Dene A Journey, 2014 (quotation in Johnson, “Lilian Elias”)

See also Historica Canada’s  indigenous perspectives education program and indigenous arts and stories

*oatcakes&snowdrops: Canadian women’s history one minute, one moment @ a time. . . .