image: 19th century encampment, Tuft’s Cove, Dartmouth, NS

A camera lucida is an optical device used as a drawing aid by artists. The camera lucida performs an optical superimposition of the subject being viewed upon the surface upon which the artist is drawing. The artist sees both scene and drawing surface simultaneously, as in a photographic double exposure. This allows the artist to duplicate key points of the scene on the drawing surface, thus aiding in the accurate rendering of perspective. . . . [producing] an inverted image which is right-left reversed when turned the right way up.

An occasional “column,” camera lucida[e] will be the “light chamber” of my wanderings.

The Mi’kmaq language (spelled and pronounced Micmac historically, also Migmaw or Mikmaw in English, and Míkmaq, Míkmaw or Mìgmao in Mi’kmaq) is an Eastern Algonquian language spoken by nearly 11,000 Mi’kmaq in Canada and the United States out of a total ethnic Mi’kmaq population of roughly 20,000. The word Mi’kmaq is a plural word meaning ‘my friends’ (singular mi’km); the adjectival form is Mi’kaw. The native name of the language is Lnuismk, Mi’kmawi’simk or Miꞌkmwei. Wikipedia

Cape Breton University’s Unama’ki College: “offers and environment that embraces the knowledge, wisdom and traditions of the Mi’kmaq. From faculty and staff that speak Mi’kmaw to academic courses delivered in Mi’kmaw communities, Unama’ki College has many offerings for Indigenous learners.”

“Parents come to me and say they hear their children in the backseat of the car speaking Mi’kmaq and they’re excited,” said a Miꞌkmaq language instructor at Lnu Si’puk Kina’muokuom Mi’kmaq school in Indian Brook. Wikipedia

Students building Mi’kmaw wigwam at Liverpool [Nova Scotia] school explores how the traditions and language of this First Nation are being carried on through the generations.

image: Joseph S. Rogers – Nova Scotia Archives & Records Management